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Why We Fish

Fish, Frogs, and Fireflies

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Friday
Jan092015

Mentors Make the Difference in Growing Up With Nature

My parents were not the outdoors type.  My Dad was in the military and we moved all over the country until I was about ten years old.  When Dad retired from the service, we moved back to the family farm, but even then I did not get too deeply immersed in “nature.”  I was not into cattle and wheat.  And fishing was not even on my radar screen. 

That all changed one day when my Uncle Ralph took a chance on a twelve-year old novice and invited me on my first fishing trip.  Of course I had no idea then, but that trip started me on a path to my future.

Ralph had a long history with fishing.  He tied his own flies and carved wooden bass plugs.  He had fished all over the county.  He was deep in the culture.  An upstairs space over his printing shop was the first home of the Bomber Bait Company, a business that grew into one of the biggest names in the tackle industry.

But what seemed to give Ralph his greatest pleasure was introducing kids to the sport of fishing --- serving as a mentor.  When his own children had grown up and moved out and his grandkids had gotten older, he looked for a new challenge.

That challenge turned out to be me.

 This is an excerpt from Gene Gilliland's essay "Mentors Make the Difference" in Fish, Frogs, and Fireflies: Growing Up With Naturea new book by Robert Montgomery. His previous was Why  We Fish. Both are available at Amazon.

Gilliland is the National Conservation Director for B.A.S.S., following a 32-year career as a fishery research biologist with the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation. He represents the organization and its members on several national committees dealing with sport fishing interests and acts as an adviser to 46 B.A.S.S. Nation state conservation directors.

Thursday
Jan082015

DNA Research Reveals Trophy Bass Parentage at Guntersville

Contrary to popular belief, Guntersville trophy bass are not pure Florida strain, according to DNA research conducted during the 2014 Bassmaster Classic at that northern Alabama fishery.

From a scientific standpoint, however, that really isn’t surprising. Between 1981 and 1994, an estimated 500,000 Florida bass were released into Guntersville, but few have been added since.

“The population, instead, consists largely of hybrid crosses,” said Dr. Eric Peatman, an associate professor in Auburn University’s School of Fisheries, Aquaculture, and Aquatic Sciences.

Eight-pound-plus fish are 52 percent Florida and 48 percent northern. That’s in keeping with the assessment of Gene Gilliland, B.A.S.S. National Conservation Director, who said that bass with 50 percent or more Florida genes have enhanced trophy potential. “Below that, and it’s no greater than for native fish,” he added.

Peatman and his team also found that the “lakewide average genetic composition” is about 70 percent northern and 30 percent Florida.

“Four to five-pound fish do not vary significantly from the lakewide average in their genetic make-up,” he explained. “However, seven-pound-plus fish show an increase in Florida percentage to 42 percent of their genome.”

These findings suggest that stocking Guntersville with Florida bass has been effective in shifting the genetic baseline of the population and that trophy-size fish are bunched around a rough 50:50 genetic split, said Peatman, adding that more samples are needed to reach definitive conclusions.

“One of the missing components in this analysis is age,” the scientist said, adding that multiple ages likely are represented among those samples of larger bass. “Ultimately, we want to know what is the genetic composition of the largest size fish within each year class, or what mix of Florida and northern alleles produces the fastest growing fish.”

The Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (ADCNR) will with this aspect during its spring sampling.

“A final component in the mix is obviously habitat,” Peatman said. “The best performing genotype in one reservoir is not necessarily the best genotype in a different reservoir with different environmental parameters. “So we have plans to include different reservoirs and habitats in the analysis in the coming year as well.”

All of this work is part of a statewide project funded by ADCNR to better understand the impacts of the state’s Florida bass stocking program on the quality of its bass fisheries.

“The Classic and other tournaments throughout the year in Alabama represent an excellent opportunity to take non-lethal DNA samples from larger bass brought in by anglers,” Peatman said.

“At the end of the day, the goal is to use these genetic tools to help ALDCNR make proactive stocking and management decisions to ensure the highest quality bass fisheries for our anglers for years to come.”

(This article appeared originally in B.A.S.S. Times.)

Wednesday
Jan072015

Would Florida-Strain Bass Improve Your Fishery? Maybe . . . Not

In southeastern Oklahoma one winter, hatchery ponds for the state’s Florida bass stocking program were covered by ice for three weeks. One hundred miles to the south, at Lake Fork, just three days were below freezing.

Anglers at Fork during that time probably found the bite tough, but the world-class fishery suffered no long-term damage. In those ponds, meanwhile, 60 percent of the Florida bass brood stock died.

Yes, Florida bass grow faster and larger than their northern counterparts. And stocking them outside their native range has resulted in the creation of some spectacular trophy fisheries in states such as Texas, California, Georgia, and Alabama.

But desired outcome from the expensive effort is not a guarantee.

“In Oklahoma, we finally decided that stocking Florida bass was a waste of time in some places, no matter what fishermen want,” said Gene Gilliland, B.A.S.S. National Conservation Director and former assistant chief of fisheries for that state.

Still, anglers continue the drum beat to stock Florida bass in waters that biologists say are inappropriate, as Ron Brooks knows all too well.  And in their arguments for stocking, they cite “evidence” that really isn’t evidence at all, explained the Kentucky fisheries chief.

“We receive requests to stock the Florida strain fairly regularly, and they always site Tennessee’s stockings in Kentucky Lake and the larger bass there as a result,” he said, echoing the experiences of fisheries managers in several states.

But biologists haven’t verified that those large bass are the result of Florida strain stockings. “The truth of the matter is that Kentucky Lake is a very fertile lake with very abundant forage species,” Brooks added.

Recently, some wanted Kentucky to stock Florida bass in Cave Run Lake, an infertile fishery east of Lexington, with limited forage and almost no habitat in the lower end. And, oh yeah, muskies, fish that like cold water, do quite well there.

Still, Brooks said, explanations for why Cave Run is inappropriate fell on deaf ears.

In a nutshell, here’s what introduced Florida bass need to thrive: mild climate, abundant forage, and plentiful habitat, preferably vegetation. Originating in subtropic Florida, they’re most at home in shallow water with a long growing season and plenty to eat.

Simply for survival, climate is the most critical of the three. Temperature drop of just a few degrees can stress Florida bass, and rapid and/or severe drop can kill them. Unfortunately, a clear geographic boundary for determining where Florida bass can live and where they can’t does not exist.

 “It’s not a north/south thing,” Gililland said. “It’s a diagonal, with cold moving from the northwest to the southeast.”

To thrive, meanwhile, Florida bass require plenty of food both throughout the year and during all stages of their life cycle. In their native range, that means mostly golden shiners, shad, and sunfish. But they will grow large and fat on other species, including trout in California and tilapia in Mexico’s Lake El Salto.

Shallow-water, vegetated habitat is the least critical of the three components, especially if the climate is mild and food plentiful.

Okay, some of you say, “I understand that. But what’s the big deal if you stock Florida bass in a lake and they don’t do well. No harm, no foul. Right?”

Wrong.

Introducing Florida bass is not the same as a supplemental stocking to enhance a depleted fishery. There’s only one reason to stock them: To grow trophy fish. If a water body isn’t conducive for that, then Florida genes mixed into the native strain actually can harm the fishery, making them less hearty, at least in the short term. Eventually, Florida genes will disappear from the population.

But the money wasted to maintain brood stock, spawn them, and stock the offspring still will have been wasted.

Additionally, as Florida bass breed with native bass, the potential for growing to trophy size is lost over time. “You can’t just stock and leave them,” Gilliland said. “As long as you have 50 percent or greater Florida genes, there’s still the potential. Below that, it’s no greater than with just native fish.”

Still, many anglers who want big bass in their home waters continue to lobby for something that is not in the best interests of their fisheries.

“Believe me, if past research projects indicated that Florida strain bass would produce lunker bass in Kentucky, we would have stocked them years ago,” said Brooks, voicing the frustration of many fisheries managers. “We strive to produce the best fisheries possible within the limits of our resources.”

(This article appeared originally in B.A.S.S. Times.)

Monday
Jan052015

Want to Help Animals? Give Locally, Not to ASPCA, HSUS

Many fishermen own dogs and/or love animals. That’s why they’re targets for the latest television advertising blitz by the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), a New York-based organization.

The commercials feature photos of abused dogs and cats, as sad music plays in the background and a narrator pleads for donations. The implication clearly is that the money will be used to help these animals. The reality is that most of it will not.

“But the reality is that in 2012, the ASPCA gave just 0.045% of its multi-million dollar donations to local shelters. That’s less than one-half of one percent, broken down in even tinier portions in order to be spread all over the country,” says the Examiner in an expose about the deceptive marketing campaigns run by both ASPCA and the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS).

Both of these organizations run these campaigns from time to time, raking in hundreds of millions of dollars from people who believe that their donations will help homeless/abused animals at local shelters. But most of that money is used for advertising/marketing, administrative costs (including six-figure salaries), and, especially in the case of HSUS, a political agenda that is anti-hunting, anti-fishing, and anti-farming.

Please, if you want to help homeless/abused animals, give to local shelters, which are NOT affiliated with these national organizations.

Need more information? Check out the following:

  • Lawyers in Cages is a brilliant parody of the tear-jerker ads that HSUS and ASPCA create.
  • "Despite (ASPCA) raising a combined $519 million nationally, North Carolina animal welfare groups received only $1.1 million in major grants. That's almost the same amount the ASPCA paid one telemarketer for one fundraising campaign that ended in July. 

"In 2009, records show North Carolina received $517,845 from the ASPCA, the second most of any state. However, 96 percent went to one spay and neuter group in Asheville."

  • HSUS doesn’t run a single pet shelter. HSUS is not affiliated with any pet shelters. And HSUS gives just 1 percent of the money it raises to pet shelters.”
  •  “Those public tax documents also reveal HSUS collected nearly $113 million in contributions and grants in 2012. That’s $7.8 million more than the previous year. HSUS capitalizes on its ability to suck up dollars from animal-lovers who think they are donating to local pet shelters, and it pours those donations into anti-hunting crusades.”
  • The HSUS lobbies against the agriculture industry, hunting, trapping, dog breeders, pet stores and numerous other groups. Their lobbying efforts cost lots of money. In 2010, for example, HSUS reported spending more than $13.5 with a fundraising consultant and more than $10 million on marketing efforts to promote HSUS and its programs. More than $1.7 million was spent on legal fees by the HSUS that year alone.”

 

Wednesday
Dec312014

Surprise! Fishing Is Good for You

How about that? An article in the Huffington Post tells us that fishing makes us better people. Of course, if you are on this site, you knew that already.

And I wrote a book about it: Why We Fish--- Reel Wisdom From Real Fishermen.

Some of the revelations in the Huffington article:

  • Fishing can keep you physically fit.
  • Fish are an excellent source of nutrition.
  • Eating fish could help you live longer.
  • Fishing may reduce stress.
  • The sport may decrease symptoms of PTSD.
  • Plus, it helps you unplug.

Sadly, the person who wrote the article probably doesn’t fish herself. In providing advice on how to get started, she focuses on fly fishing, which is NOT the way for most to begin fishing, especially if they are children.

The way for most to get started is by having fun and catching fish, and, in the beginning, those two are pretty much synonymous. And for both adults and children, that’s much more likely to happen with worms and a Snoopy spincast rod than with a 6 weight rod and dry fly.