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Friday
Sep072012

Florida Encourages Harvest of Exotic Lionfish to Protect Fisheries

Florida officials have initiated an aggressive new strategy in hopes of preventing exotic lionfish from decimating fisheries.

A fishing license is not required to harvest the invaders by spear and hand-held nets. The license requirement still is in place for those who fish with hook and line, but lionfish rarely are taken by that method.

"They (divers) are our best possible chance to control them," said John Hunt, director of the Conservation Commission's Fish and Wildlife Research Institute lab in the Florida Keys.

Hunt also acknowledged that the predatory fish from the South Pacific and Indian Ocean never will be eradicated from Florida waters.

Lionfish were first identified on Florida’s east coast in 1985, likely as a result of being released by aquarium hobbyists. Since 2009, however, sightings have become common all along the coast and up into the northern Gulf of Mexico.

Resource managers fear that they will outcompete native fish for food and eliminate organisms that keep reefs healthy.

"We don't have all the evidence yet, but we're concerned," Hunt said.

Read the full story here.

Friday
Sep072012

Teachers May Be Spreading Invasive Species

Photo by Ashley Baldridge

Science teachers may be contributing to the spread of invasive species, according to a new study.

Crayfish, mosquito fish, red-eared slider turtles, and elodea are but a few of the species used in the classroom of 2,000 teachers across the country. And researchers found that 25 percent of teachers said that they release their organisms into the wild after being used in their classroom.

“Many of the teachers were mortified when we pointed out they may be exacerbating the invasive species problem," said lead researcher Sam Chan, an Oregon State University invasive species expert, "We don't want to discourage the use of live organisms in teaching because they can provide focus, enhance student interest and foster responsibility and care.

But there are consequences to using them, and both teachers and suppliers should consider what will become of these organisms when the classroom lessons are over.”

Read the full story here.

Friday
Sep072012

Close Canal to Stop Carp from Invading Great Lakes

Canal connection between Mississippi River basin and Lake Michigan. Photo by Gary Porter.

The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel newspaper agrees with me that the manmade connection between the Mississippi River basin and the Great Lakes should be closed.

In an editorial headlined “Let science prevail in Fight over Chicago canal,” it says the following:

“The Army Corps of Engineers is looking more like a guy who can smell smoke but won't admit there's a fire because he can't see flames. The smoke is rising from the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal in the form of DNA evidence that the Asian carp is close to entering Lake Michigan, if it already hasn't done so.

“But with only two actual dead carp found - one on either side of an electrical barrier in the canal designed to stop the fish - Army Corps Maj. Gen. John Peabody isn't ready to do the obvious: close the canal that destroyed the natural barrier between the Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins when it was built in the 19th century.”

We must close that connection not only to keep Asian Carp out of the Great Lakes. We must close it because the canal is an open door for other invasions. For example, zebra and quagga mussels used that route --- as well as hitchhiking --- to spread into the Mississippi River and, from there, all across the country.

Read the editorial here

Thursday
Sep062012

Dam Hypocrisy Revealed 

Hetch Hetchy Reservoir in Yosemite National Park. Associated Press photo.

I was stunned speechless recently when I read this at the Outdoor Hub:

“Environmentalists and Republican lawmakers want the dam removed and the valley restored . . . Democratic San Franciscans, led by Sen. Dianne Feinstein and Rep. Nancy Pelosi, want the dam to remain in place. . .”

As everyone knows, Democrats are compassionate environmentalists, while Republicans are cold and heartless corporate types for whom the bottom line is everything.

What then, in the name of John Muir, is going on in San Francisco, with Democrats favoring protection of a dam in Yosemite National Park and Republicans siding with environmentalists against it?

In fairness, I haven’t yet been able to confirm that “Republican lawmakers” want to take out the dam. But Donald Hodel, Secretary of Interior under President Ronald Regan --- a Republican --- said this:

"Eventually, it will be broadly understood what an abomination a reservoir in a valley like Yosemite Valley really is. I think it will be hard to quell this idea (of restoration). It is like ideas of freedom in a totalitarian regime. Once planted, they are impossible to repress forever."

And there’s no question that the Democrats in the United States’ most liberal city have been caught with their hypocrisy showing.

This fall, San Franciscans will be asked to vote on Proposition F. Its passage would require the city to develop a plan for improving its water system and possibly could be the first step in removing a dam built about 90 years ago to supply the city with water, while flooding scenic Hetch Hetchy Valley in the national park.

As a result of that sweetheart political deal decades ago, San Francisco is the only city in the country operating a utility inside a national park.

Mike Marshall, campaign director for the Yosemite Restoration Campaign, says this:

“But Proposition F is opposed by virtually every member of San Francisco's elected leadership. It's a classic case of politicians ‘talking the talk’ but refusing to ‘walk the walk’ in America's most liberal city.”

How to explain it?

Simple: Democrats are compassionate environmentalists only when they are not inconvenienced by being so.

Prevent completion of an oil pipeline? Of course! It would be bad for the environment.

Blow out a dam to restore a river to its natural state? Of course! It would be good for the environment. But, oh wait, not if it would anger some of my constituents and possibly cost me some votes in the next election. 

Where do I stand on whether this dam should be removed? I don't know.

I certainly oppose destruction of Rodman Reservoir in Florida, where a thriving "manmade" ecosystem has evolved, despite man's ignorance for building a dam in the first place.  Environmentalists have been pushing for "restoration" there for decades, simply for the sake of "restoration."

What I do know is that kind of argument isn't enough for me. Dams are a critical part of our infrastructure, providing for water supply, hydropower, flood control, irrigation, and commercial navigation. Additionally, they have been a boon for outdoor recreation, especially sport fishing.

On the other hand, some dams have become liabilities over time, either because they have grown unsafe with age or because they have had unforseen and harmful consequences, such as blocking salmon runs.

Is the Hetch Hetchy dam more of a benefit or a liability? I don't know that either. But I do have a problem with the citizens of one city (and those around it) exlusively benefitting from a public resource in a national park.



Wednesday
Sep052012

Fishing for Sport Viewed as Cruel by Growing Number of People

Mutualists are more likely to view fish and wildlife in human terms, with human personalities and characteristics.

(Author's note: This is the third and final part of my investigative report about the anti-fishing movement. Scroll down to read the first two parts. This package was published originally in B.A.S.S. Times.)

 

Recreational fishing as we know it no longer exists in portions of Western Europe.

Even more disturbing, the seeds of its destruction are well established here.

Don’t be misled by the fact that 9 out of 10 Americans approve of legal fishing and support using fish for food.

When people are asked whether they approve of recreational fishing for sport, answers change dramatically. Twenty-five to 30 percent view angling for sport as cruel in more urbanized states such as Colorado and Arizona,  while about 20 percent feel the same way in more rural states, including Alaska and the Dakotas.

Those disturbing revelations come from researchers in Germany, Switzerland, and the United States, who recently compiled their findings in a report entitled, “A Primer on Anti-Angling Philosophy and Its Relevance for Recreational Fisheries in Urbanized Societies.”

Such attitudes, the authors say, raise the possibility “that extremist positions (or elements thereof) influenced by animal liberation or animal rights arguments might find their way into nongovernmental organizations, science, politics, and ultimately legislation.

“Such a development is particularly challenging for recreational fishers when it occurs where they have little political support. Without sufficient support, radical claims portraying anglers as cruel sadists who play with fish for no good reason can be rhetorically effective.”

Why is this happening?

Basically, the answer is that attitudes change regarding fish and wildlife as people move away from nature and into more urban settings. Their beliefs become guided more by what they see on television and in the movies than what they personally experience.

Anglers and hunters view fish and wildlife as resources to be used, while being managed wisely and treated with respect. Traditionally, most Americans have agreed with that “utilitarian” philosophy.

But as people become more urbanized (and often more affluent), some begin to favor a “mutualism wildlife value orientation, viewing wildlife as capable of relationships of trust with humans, as if part of an extended family, and as deserving of rights and caring.”

Mutualists, the authors say, “are more likely to view fish and wildlife in human terms, with human personalities and characteristics.”

What’s coming down the road in the United States if mutualism prevails?

The Swiss Animal Welfare Act of 2008 highlights the nightmarish possibilities. The legislation makes catch-and-release illegal because “it is in conflict with the dignity of the fish and its presumed ability to suffer and feel pain.”

A similar rule has been in place since the 1980s in Germany, where anglers also must take a course in fish handing before they can obtain a license.

“The argument runs that it is legally acceptable to go fishing only if one has the intention to catch fish for food,” the study says.

“Wider economic benefits created by angling are usually not considered a sufficient justification --- it all boils down to the individual benefits experienced by the angler, and here food provision is currently the only acceptable reason.” 

In other words, recreational fishing as millions of Americans now enjoy it is not allowed.

What would imposition of such a system in the United States mean?

 It would mean that a majority of the nation’s more than licensed 30 million anglers would stop fishing.

It would mean an end to family outings and buddy tournaments, and depressurizing for a few hours after work at a local lake or pond.

It would mean the collapse of economies for coastal communities and cities along the Great Lakes, as well as hundreds of towns near popular inland lakes and reservoirs.

In the United States, more people fish than play golf and tennis combined, and, in doing so, they support more than one million jobs.

Through license fees and excise taxes, recreational anglers contribute $1.2 billion annually “to preserve, protect, and enhance not just their sport, but also the environment that makes such sportfishing possible,” the American Sportfishing Association says. “Across much of the country, angler dollars are the primary source for improving fish habitat, public access, and environmental education.”

All that could be gone if we allow a minority who believe fishing is cruel to dominate the conversation and dictate policy.

“Powerful intervention is needed to counterbalance such tendencies in a society where hunting and fishing are becoming less prominent and where an increasing percentage of the public has lost contact with wildlife and nature,” say the authors of the study.

What do we do about this? We go fishing, of course, and, at every opportunity, we introduce someone new to the sport. We practice good stewardship through individual actions, as well as club activities --- and we publicize accomplishments. Also, we make certain that decision makers at every level of government know about both the calculable and incalculable value of recreational fishing to individuals, families, and society.